By Ellen Wulfhorst
NEW YORK (Reuters) – The birth rate among U.S. teens and young women dropped to record lows last year, while the rate among older women hit highs not seen in a half century, according to government statistics released on Thursday.
The general fertility rate overall in the United States reached a record low of 62.9 births per 1,000 women, said the report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Center for Health Statistics.
Overall, 3,957,577 babies were born last year in the United States, it said.
The birth rate for teens – ages 15 to 19 – dropped 10 percent to 26.6 births per 1,000, an historic low. The number of births to teens also hit a new low.
“Certainly the drop in the teen birth rate is pretty astounding,” said Carl Haub, senior demographer with the Population Reference Bureau.
He said the drop was likely attributable to educational efforts to prevent teen pregnancy and that economic factors also affected the rate, which began to fall dramatically during the recession that began in 2007.
The report also showed that the birth rate and number of births among girls ages 10 to 14 hit historic lows.
The birth rate for women in their early 20s declined to a record low as well, it said.
Meanwhile, birth rates for women in their 30s and 40s rose. Among the 35-to-39 age group, the birth rate was the highest since 1963. Among women ages 40 to 44, the birth rate was the highest since 1966.
“We are going up the age ladder and have been for many, many years,” said Haub, citing women opting to postpone childbirth to get higher education or establish themselves in their careers.
Statistics have been calculated and analyzed since 1940.
(Editing by Gunna Dickson)